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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 40-44

The practiced pattern of vascular access used in hemodialysis: A cross-sectional study

1 Alzawia Kidney Hospital and Faculty of Medicine, Alzawia University, Alzawia, Libya
2 Alzawia Kidney Hospital, Alzawia, Libya
3 Sabratha Teaching Hospital, Sabratha and Faculty of Medicine, Alzawia University, Alzawia, Libya

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rodaba Ahmed Bitrou
Department of Medicine, University of Zawia, Azzawiyah Kidney Hospital, AZ-Zawiyah
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ljms.ljms_56_21

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Background: The incidence of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is increasing considerably worldwide; moreover, most of the patients start their therapy by hemodialysis (HD). Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the best type of vascular access for use in such therapy, due to its decreased rate of complications, followed by arteriovenous graft (AVG) and finally, central venous catheters, which are associated with, increased mortality and morbidity. In this study, we aim to find out the proportion of the current to initial vascular access used, the timing of creating permanent access, and any complications experienced. Patients and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on two hundred eighteen patients currently on regular hemodialysis program. Their records were reviewed and the data was analyzed for vascular accesses type used at the start of hemodialysis and at the current time, the timing of the creation of permanent access, and the complications occurred. Data collected were statistically analyzed using IBM-SPSS statistics software Inc. Chicago, IL, USA. Results: Out-of-the 218 patients on hemodialysis, 193 patients (88.5%) started hemodialysis via Central venous catheters (CVC), 23 patients (10.5%) had an arterio-venous fistula (AVF), and only two patients (0.9%) used tunneled CVC, while no one has AV-graft. Currently, 82.1% of patients have AVF, 7.8% have chronic CVC, 5.9% have acute CVC and only 4.1% have AV-Graft, Many complications are noted in all types of access with different percentages of occurrence. Conclusion: We concluded that although a high percentage of patients have AVF, still pre-emptive AVF counts very low percentage, serious complications are still happening and we recommend the establishment of joined pre-dialysis clinic with surgeons and psychologists in each dialysis center.

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